Wrist Arthroscopy

Learn more about our capabilities for arthroscopic wrist surgery.

Quick Facts on Wrist Arthroscopy

  • Arthroscopy is a common surgical procedure in which a joint is viewed using a small camera giving doctors a clear view of the inside of the wrist.
  • Since wrist arthroscopies are not needed for all wrist injuries, our Orthopedic surgeons can recommend alternative treatment.
  • Because the incisions used with arthroscopic wrist surgery are smaller and disrupt less soft tissue than conventional open surgery, pain, swelling, and stiffness are minimized and recovery is often faster.
  • In the case of arthroscopic wrist surgery, stiffness of the wrist might need to be addressed through post-operative rehabilitation with our on-site physicians that oversee Physical Therapy.

Offered At

Cumberland Physical and Occupational Therapy
Charles Regional Surgical Center
La Plata
National Harbor / Oxon Hill
Silver Spring

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What is arthroscopic wrist surgery?

Wrist arthroscopy allows the visualization of the cartilage surfaces of all bones in the wrist and better evaluation of the ligaments between the various bones of the wrist. Frequently after an injury, pain, clicks, and swelling may be indicative of an internal problem in the wrist. Arthroscopy is often the best way of assessing the integrity of the ligaments, cartilage, and bone. When wrist problems are encountered, many are treated through these small incisions using specialized equipment available for wrist arthroscopy.

Often arthroscopy is used to aid in the reduction of fractures of the bones of the wrist. Wrist arthroscopy is also used to assess the integrity of the TFCC (triangular fibrocartilage, a cartilage structure that provides support in the wrist).

Today, wrist arthroscopy can even be used to remove some ganglions of the wrist and to assess the extent and treatment of various types of fractures and arthritis of the wrist.

The wrist is a complex joint made up of many bones and ligaments, which hold the bones together. Wrist arthroscopy allows the surgeon to diagnose and treat many problems of the wrist through a series of very small incisions (portals). In the last five years, the wrist has become the third most common joint to undergo arthroscopy, after the knee and shoulder. Because the incisions used with wrist arthroscopy are smaller and disrupt less soft tissue than conventional open surgery, pain, swelling, and stiffness are minimized and recovery is often faster.

Wrist Arthroscopy

How is wrist arthroscopy performed?

A small camera fixed to the end of a narrow fiber-optic tube (2.0mm- 2.7mm wide) is inserted through a small incision in the skin (about 5mm long) directly into the back of the wrist joint. The camera lens magnifies and projects the small structures in the wrist onto a television monitor, allowing for a more accurate diagnosis. Several small incisions (portals) are used to allow the surgeon to place the camera in different positions to see different structures inside the joint as well as to place various small instruments into the wrist joint to help diagnose and treat various problems in the wrist. The wrist is usually distracted and fluid is infused into the joint to expand the joint and allow improved visualization during the procedure. Sometimes wrist arthroscopy is combined with open procedures.

What can I expect after arthroscopic wrist surgery?

After your arthroscopy, you will most likely be placed into a protective bandage or wrist splint that allows full mobility of your fingers. The period of protection will vary depending on what was performed at the time of surgery. Elevating the involved extremity is important to prevent excessive swelling and pain after your surgery.

Risks and limitations:

As with any surgery, wrist arthroscopy has risks. These include infection and potential damage to nerves and tendons (usually less than 1%). Stiffness might need to be addressed through post-operative rehabilitation. Wrist arthroscopy is not appropriate for all wrist conditions and is dependent on the surgeon’s training, expertise, and comfort level.

Wrist Injury and Wrist Arthroscopy
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